Efforts to address climate change have been in the world's focus since at least the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. The UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) signed at the time provides for joint actions to protect the Earth's climate for current and future generations, above all, through global reductions in greenhouse gas emissions.
The complexity of climate change issues means that climate policy refers to numerous areas, i.e.: environment, energy, industry, technology transfer, and climate assistance to developing countries. Because of this wide scope, this issue encompasses security, finance, employment, social issues, and migration. To ensure that the necessary changes take place, all interested parties should act: states, international and non-governmental organisations, local communities, cities, trade unions, members of the public and business.
Effective action against climate change depends on cooperation at the international level. The Kyoto Protocol of 1997 and the Paris Agreement concluded at the COP21 summit in 2015 should be regarded as major breakthroughs in the global approach to climate policy. The implementation of this agreement is one of the main topics of the COP24 summit in Katowice and the Polish presidency of the COP (December 2018). The Katowice Rulebook adopted at that time is a set of uniform guidelines implementing the Paris Agreement for all countries whilst taking into account their level of development and local specificities.
Declarations, prepared and submitted by the Polish presidency, remain open. Parties to the UNFCCC and other entities (in case of the E-Mobility declaration) can still declare their accession to the declarations.