The energy sector is a key branch of any modern economy, directly affecting society’s development capabilities. International cooperation in this regard requires intensive action at EU level as well as synergy with Poland’s strategic partners.
Poland’s main priority in the energy policy field at the international and EU level is providing energy security whilst maintaining affordable energy prices for consumers. We champion solutions valid economically and technically, which take into account necessary environmental standards. Our actions aim at strengthening the Polish energy sector, eliminating dependency on dominant hydrocarbons suppliers, as well as applying the best technologies available.
Since the 90’s, the EU has been introducing energy Packages, which are legislation packs aimed at increasing performance of the EU internal energy market. Thus far, the collective actions of EU member states enabled i.a. splitting the monopoly which included all energy subsectors, (generation, transmission, distribution, sales), and creating separate enterprises freely competing with one another.
Most recent of them is the European Union’s Fourth Energy Package – “Clean Energy for All Europeans”. It envisages i.a. enhancing the market role of consumers and renewable energy sources. Also part of the package are National Energy and Climate Plans. When accepted by the European Commission, together with a document entitled “Energy Policy of Poland until 2040” they will constitute a basis for implementing both Polish energy policy and the Energy Union’s priorities.
Poland’s efforts lead to the constant increase of diversification and security of supply, i.a. in the gas sector. A string of regional initiatives aimed at changing the current East to West supply paradigm serves as an example. Moreover, we act towards enhancing North-South energy connections and closer cooperation with Baltic states and the Visegrád Group (V4). These developments prove an excellent fit with the Three Seas Initiative started by Poland and Croatia.
One of the first steps in this area was the construction of President Lech Kaczyński's LNG Terminal in Świnoujście in 2016. It allows for regasification of 5 bcm of gas annually and has the potential for further expansion. Especially important in this regard is the Baltic Pipe project. Carried out in close cooperation with Denmark it will supply Poland with 10 bcm of gas from the Norwegian continental shelf annually. Coupled with national extraction, it will allow for satisfying demand and, to a large extent, ending dependence on a hitherto dominant supplier.
Our actions help change the difficult situation of the Polish energy industry. Thus far it was characterized by dependence on a single direction of supply, severe capital underinvestment, and infrastructural problems. In the coming years, green energy will see a significant increase of its market share in line with “Energy Policy of Poland until 2040”. It will facilitate fulfilling international climate policy commitments and developing the Polish energy sector.