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Eastern policy

"Eastern policy is among the key dimensions of Poland’s foreign policy. (...). It is in Poland’s interest that nations of our eastern neighbourhood should enjoy independence and security (…) and that their right to the sovereign choice of a path of development, political system and alliances should be respected. Those that decide to opt for Europe and the West can count on Poland's unwavering assistance in achieving this aim." - Minister Jacek Czaputowicz.

Poland is in a sensitive location — at the crossroads between the countries of Western and Eastern Europe. We are a member of the European Union and NATO, which are the institutional face of Western countries, but at the same time we have special ties with the East, given our shared past of the authoritarian communist regime. This location offers us a unique opportunity to strengthen our country's international position.

We support the sovereignty of countries of the East and we are ready to provide them with our experience of political transition. In our view, deep reforms and modernisation based on the European development model are the best way to achieve a long-term stabilisation of the former USSR area. Therefore, supporting pro-European and transatlantic trends in these countries is so important in our foreign policy. Poland's support for reforms of the post-Soviet region is evidenced by its activity in the Eastern Partnership initiative. We are also in active contact with the Polish diaspora who live in these areas.

A major challenge for us is the diminishing predictability and stability of some post-Soviet states, which we have observed in recent years. These processes result from, among others, the destabilising influence of the Russian Federation, its military aggression and hybrid activities such as disinformation. Wars in Georgia and Ukraine, the illegal annexation of Crimea, support for separatism in Donbass, Transnistria, South Ossetia and Abkhazia, or attempts to interfere in democratic elections and referendums in Europe and America are just some of the disconcerting actions by the Kremlin. Our response is consistent support for a coherent EU and transatlantic policy towards Russia.

At the same time, we declare our willingness for dialogue with Russia in areas such as human, cultural, and economic cooperation and student exchange. We support Russia's civil society and protest against human rights violations.

Our common history, similar traditions and cultural links bind us with Ukraine and Belarus. The Polish-Ukrainian cooperation is very intense and takes place at all levels — from the central government to districts and communes. Polish and Ukrainian NGOs and scientific and cultural exchanges are extremely vibrant, too. Poland, also within the European Union, proposes a number of initiatives aimed at engaging Belarus in cooperation with the region's countries and the EU. Polish-Belarusian economic cooperation is marked by a high level of engagement of small and medium-sized enterprises.

We are also seeking to strengthen cooperation with Moldova by helping it to reform its administrative structures and economy and supporting its efforts to integrate with the European Union. We are invariably looking for new avenues for cooperation with countries of the South Caucasus — Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan. We are also active in Central Asia. Kazakhstan, in view of its leadership status in Central Asia, high economic potential, and growing international importance, is Poland's main partner in the region.