Human rights are one of the most important priorities in contemporary international relations. They occupy a prominent place in Poland's legal system. The Constitution stresses the inviolability of human dignity and guarantees a number of personal, political, economic, and social and cultural freedoms and rights. Their observance is ensured by a number of institutions, including the Commissioner for Human Rights, the Ombudsman for Children, and independent courts and tribunals.
Poland is the signatory of numerous fundamental human rights documents, including the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (also called the European Convention on Human Rights) and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.
As a member of the European Union, Poland shares the values enshrined in the European Treaties such as respect for human dignity, freedom, democracy, equality, the rule of law, and respect for human rights, including the rights of minorities.
At the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the human rights dimension of foreign policy falls within the remit of the Department of the United Nations and Human Rights, while the Plenipotentiary of the Minister of Foreign Affairs for Proceedings before the European Court of Human Rights represents Poland in proceedings before international human rights protection bodies. The Plenipotentiary is assisted by the Legal and Treaty Department.